After the covid 19 pandemic the African economy especially the sub Saharan Africa has experienced decrease in economic growth and development and economic strategies to support recovery is important, this is according to the world bank of Nigeria.
Africa’s regional economy reduced by roughly 2% in 2020. however data suggests the economy will also grow by 3.2% in 2021,
Irrespective of improvement is economic indicators, vaccine rollout is still a major roadblock for GDP growth. which leaves it vulnerable to new waves of infection, and fiscal Africa is the world’s least-vaccinated region with only 4.3% of its 1.2 billion people fully immunized against the disease.
In the sub-Saharan region of Africa about 2.8% of GDP is allocated to aid businesses and people, compared to 17% of GDP distributed in advanced companies. fiscal constraints that pre-dated the virus left African countries unable to provide adequate stimulus measures to engineer a sustained recovery that delivers jobs and addresses the health and economic needs brought about by the pandemic, it said. It estimated the funding gap at $290 billion in 2020.
The world bank stated that the association of 20 developed economies which forms the debt service suspension initiative for sub Saharan Africa borrowers may have to extend relief and framework time, However this method has not yielded any significant result in debt servicing.
New reserves known as special drawing rights, or SDRs, allocated by the International Monetary Fund to its members in August are “a good shot in the arm” but might not be sufficient, with only about 3.6% of the $650 billion distributed across sub-Saharan Africa, the bank said.
$50 billion will be needed for the sub Saharan Africa region each year for the next 10 years to africa to be able to initiate climate change to full effects. Enviromental factors such as Rising temperatures, sea levels and rainfall anomalies heighten the frequency and intensity of natural disasters can reduce carbon emission in sub saharan africa