Nigeria exports slipped by 11.9% year-on-year to a nine-month low of NGN 1,795 billion in September 2022, which shows the concerning and indicative state of the nation’s economy.
According to the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), capital inflows into the Nigerian economy have been slow in recent years following the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and other economic doldrums.
This decrease was mainly caused by lower shipments of crude oil, which decreased by 6.9%, manufactured products, which decreased by 79.1%, energy products, which decreased by 86.4% and solid minerals, which decreased by 37%. These sectors are facing major challenges, which could be due to an increase in competition or global market forces beyond their control such as tariffs or exchange rate fluctuations, just to name a few possibilities.
Exportation is one of the major areas through which Nigeria accesses foreign exchange, a commodity that is in high demand in the country. Exporting goods and services to other countries can be an effective way for Nigerian businesses to generate revenue, but this has been severely impacted by the ripple effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The increase in export duties, high-interest rates, and volatility of the exchange rate have all contributed to discouraging local investors from production.
The current economic situation has made it very difficult for exporters as they face numerous challenges, such as an increased cost of doing business due to rising inflation rates coupled with currency devaluation, making their products uncompetitive on global markets.
Fortunately, there were some positive developments in exports from Nigeria as overseas sales grew for other oil products and agricultural goods. These increases can be attributed mostly to demand for commodities like cocoa beans, palm kernels, etc., which showed strong growth during this period despite the overall decline in export figures. The government should look into ways it can further promote agricultural production so more Nigerians benefit from increased revenues generated through international trade while also helping reduce poverty levels within its borders.`
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