The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has revealed that the world’s two largest economies, the United States and China, collectively account for half of the staggering $235 trillion global debt. In its recent global debt update titled “Global Debt Is Returning to its Rising Trend,” the IMF raised concerns about the substantial increase in worldwide debt, emphasizing the pivotal roles played by these economic powerhouses.
As of the IMF’s assessment, both the United States and China are indebted on a massive scale, with their combined debt totaling a staggering $117.5 trillion. China shoulders $47.5 trillion of this colossal debt load, while the United States stands out as the world’s largest debtor, owing a staggering $70 trillion.
The IMF’s report indicates a troubling trend in global debt accumulation, with a $200 billion surge within a single year from 2021, bringing the total debt to the eye-watering sum of $235 trillion. This daunting figure is equivalent to a staggering 238 percent of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as of 2022.
Moreover, the IMF points out that the current global debt level is a concerning nine percentage points higher than in 2019, reflecting a sustained and growing issue. The organization does not shy away from attributing a significant portion of this rising debt crisis to developed nations, particularly singling out the United States and China as major contributors.
Low-income developing countries are also highlighted in the IMF’s report, with a substantial increase in debt over the past two decades. The report notes that the pace of this increase has accelerated since the global financial crisis, creating significant challenges and vulnerabilities for these nations.
The IMF’s global debt update, presented by three senior officials – Vitor Gaspar, the Director of Fiscal Affairs Department; Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro, Deputy Director; and Jiae Yoo, an economist – serves as a stark warning to policymakers worldwide. It calls for unwavering commitment to preserving debt sustainability in the coming years to prevent a further escalation of the global debt crisis.
In conclusion, the IMF’s report underscores the critical roles played by the United States and China in the alarming rise of global debt, urging governments and policymakers to take immediate action to address this pressing issue and ensure the long-term stability of the global economy.